Regulations regarding residential stormwater management in Tampa have been reinforced for one reason. And that motive is to protect clean and fresh water systems caused by pollution which are oftentimes penetrated by stormwater overflow. This flood from urban areas can contain some harmful chemicals and objects such as gasoline and debris.
A stormwater system is highly recommended every time new structures are being put up in a specific location.
Residential Stormwater Management: System Types
Homeowners are often allowed to choose between two types of residential stormwater management systems: above-ground stormwater systems or under-ground stormwater systems.
The first classification which is also called as above-ground stormwater systems uses ponds either wet or dry as well as swales with grass as porous facade. This type of stormwater system is oftentimes situated close to concrete structures and parking lots. The system is often placed in a slightly sloped angle so that runoff of stormwater is received the right way.
How does this work? The stormwater runoff from the buildings and parking lots are led to the water basins: ponds and swales. The water will be handled in two methods. It can be collected and soaked in the soil. Or it can be drained to another body of water.
The second classification also known as the under-ground stormwater systems often makes use of different tools and devices in directing runoff stormwater. Some of the mechanisms utilized by this system are pipes, chambers and concrete vaults. This classification of stormwater system is usually employed in sport arenas, parking lots and highways.
Residential Stormwater Management: Latest Inventions
Today, some individuals have come up with man-made stormwater systems that can be used to control and reduce the amount of contaminated water caused by a runoff.
There are four examples of the man-made systems: sand and organic filters, vegetated filters, bioretention cells and curb and gutter elimination systems.
The sand and organic filters uses a sand bed to drain water. A sand bed is comprised of organic filters that take away impurities such as floatables, pollutants and metals present in the stormwater. This filter also treats the water by reducing the amount of sediments and coliform bacteria in the runoff.
The vegetated filter strips are situated on the path where the runoff is expected to pass through. These strips are oftentimes employed to treat stormwater from concrete structures, parking areas and highways.
The bioretention cells are land patches situated under shrubs and other green plants. Another name for this is rain garden. This has been proven to deplete the presence of pollutants in stormwater. It is also successful in preventing stormwater runoff from gathering in one place. This is often utilized in enclosed concrete structures.
Finally, the curb and gutter elimination systems. This type of man-made residential stormwater management system is utilized to reduce the speed and abrupt carrying of stormwater to a particular drainage system by enhancing sheet flow. This flow is a condition that allows stormwater to be dispersed and stretched to a flat state. This state lessens soil erosion.